Microsoft has launched Home windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) 2.0.0 with a set of latest opt-in experimental options, together with a brand new community mode and automatic reminiscence and disk measurement cleanup.
To start out with, the newly added “Automated reminiscence reclaim” function dynamically reduces the reminiscence footprint of the WSL digital machine (VM) whereas being utilized by reclaiming cached reminiscence.
One other notable addition on this model is the “Sparse VHD” function, which, as beforehand described, mechanically shrinks the scale of the WSL digital onerous disk (VHD).
Moreover, this WSL replace introduces “mirrored mode networking,” a brand new networking mode that not solely brings new capabilities but in addition enhances community compatibility.
Among the many advantages of enabling mirrored networking in WSL are IPv6 and multicast assist, improved networking compatibility for VPNs, and the flexibility to connect with the WSL VM from the native space community (LAN) and to Home windows servers from inside the Linux VM.
Microsoft’s WSL Program Supervisor, Craig Loewen, stated on Monday that WSL 2.0.0 additionally incorporates “DNS Tunneling,” a function that adjustments the tactic WSL makes use of to resolve DNS requests to reinforce community compatibility.
“This enables us to resolve the DNS identify request with out sending a networking packet, which can permit you to get higher web connectivity even when you have a VPN, particular firewall setup, or different networking configurations,” Loewen stated.
“This function ought to enhance community compatibility, making it much less seemingly so that you can haven’t any community connection within WSL.”
WSL now additionally has a Hyper-V Firewall function which can apply Home windows firewall guidelines and provide superior firewall administration choices for the WSL VM. Moreover, the newly launched “autoProxy” function ensures that WSL seamlessly makes use of proxy info from Home windows, additional enhancing community compatibility.
A few of these experimental options (e.g., mirrored community mode, DNS tunneling, and Hyper-V Firewall) are solely rolling out to Home windows Insiders within the Launch Preview Channel operating Home windows 11 22H2 who’ve put in Home windows 11 Construct 22621.2359 (KB5030310).
A full listing of all new options and bug fixes rolling out with WSL 2.0.0 is out there on the challenge’s GitHub web page.
Right now’s launch comes after Microsoft introduced in November that WSL is mostly obtainable for Home windows 10 and 11 clients by way of the Microsoft Retailer.
Microsoft launched WSL in March 2018 as a compatibility layer designed to allow customers to run Linux binaries natively on their Home windows computer systems by way of PowerShell or a Home windows 10 command immediate.
In Might 2019, Redmond launched WSL 2, a vital improve that delivered notable enhancements in file system efficiency and prolonged assist for full system name compatibility.
WSL 2 achieves this by incorporating a Linux kernel inside a light-weight digital machine (VM).
Furthermore, WSL 2 additionally launched assist for Linux purposes with graphical consumer interfaces (GUIs), a function often known as WSLg, quick for Home windows Subsystem for Linux GUI. WSLg began rolling out Home windows 10 Insiders in Might 2021.